Answering the typical questions in the interviews .There are certain typical questions that come up very often in interviews. Some of them are listed below with suggested approach to tackle them.
1. Tell us about yourself?
This is a general question in which you can say almost anything about yourself. Unfortunately, most of the interviewee use the opportunity to recount their bio-data which is already there in front of the interviewer. Prepare yourself for such a question so that you can tell about those things which are not given in your bio-data such as your traits, special qualities, achievements, aspirations, motivations and ambitions. A one or two-sentences answers which are normally given by interviewees convey an impression that there is little to know about them. You should be able to say a lot without being verbose or self-opinionated. Keep watch and regulate your statements depending upon the verbal and non-verbal reactions of the interviewer.
2. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
This question is asked to ascertain how you know about yourself. A person who has good self-knowledge is likely to be more effective in life. However, many interviewees get bowled over this question because they might not have given through to it or, they say away from the fear of blowing their own trumpet. Do a detailed self-analysis on your strength an weakness. A sincere and honest statement of both your strength and weaknesses is likely to enhance your personality.
3. Tell us about your family background?
This question is asked by interviewers in order to determine the social, cultural, religious and economic strata you come from. It could reflect on your basic attitudes. The best approach for such a question is to bring out not only the facts of parentage and background but also some of the good principles they have taught you. For example, while talking about this aspect you may be able to say that you have been brought up in a disciplined atmosphere where punctuality, respect for elders, etc., is a way of life. You may also be able to state about the human values like honesty, truthfulness, etc. which you have imbibed from your family background. You may also ma be asked to tell about your brothers and sisters. Emphasize their accomplishments and achievements. In all cases, it would be safe to talk about the human values taught to you irrespective of what background yo come from.
4. How do you spend your spare time?
This is a loaded question which can give considerable clue to your personality. If your spare time activities are reading, painting, corking, listening to music and the like, you are likely to be creative, introvert, or a loner. If your sport activities are mainly individual sports such as swimming, athletics, tennis, badminton, etc., you are again likely to be interrupted as a loner. Other games like football, etc. are likely to indicate you as a team man who can get along well with people. Neither of these is right or wrong, nor, are they absolutely rue indicators. There are jobs such as research, design, quality control, etc. require a person with a high degree of interaction and team spirit. Those who appear to be group oriented are likely to be preferred, in general.
Another aspect of how you spend your spare time is whether you take on active or passive pursuits. If you are active, you would play games, go on sight-seeing or tours or undertake any activity that involves physical energy. While passive pursuits such as reading, listening to music, watching TV, and so on involve least physical effort. Interviewers will prefer the passive type for sedentary jobs such as doing desk work, research, teaching, etc, whereas an active person is preferred for jobs which involve travelling or any predominant physical activity.
5. Why do you want to leave your present job?
This question is mainly asked to ascertain your loyalty and motivation for the new job. Never let down your previous organization or the people who work for it. You may give reasons regarding location, the quality of work, salary limitations or growth aspirations as some of the many explanations for leaving your last job.
6. Why did you choose your particular field of work?
This question is asked to get to know your temperament, attitude, and personal qualities. It is advisable at this point to bring out your best qualities linking them with the job. For example, you may say that you chose a sale job because you are an extrovert and love travelling and that you enjoy meeting people and can effectively communicate with them and this job gives you the opportunity to do so. Never give an answer like that you were advised to take up this job by so and so, or that you don’t like it but you didn’t have any other choice and so on. Whatever maybe your reasons for choosing a particular lines, support and substantiate it fully since you are now applying for the job.
7. Why do you want to join this organization?
Organization are concerned about the cost of recruitment and training and would like to ensure that the candidate who is recruited is genuinely interested in the job and the organization and is likely to stick on to the job for a reasonable period of time. Sometimes, to ascertain your interest in the organization, the interviewers paint a gloomy picture of the job to see your reaction. The best approach to adopt is to exhibit your keenness and conviction about the job in spite of the negative aspects of the job. Be prepared with reasons why you like the organization and the job. Be consistent about your convictions throughout the interview.
8. Where do you see yourself in 5-10 years time?
This question is aimed at ascertaining your aspirations. It is necessary that you are reasonably ambitious in your aspirations so that your performance is conducive for your growth. At the same time, it should be realistic and should not be out of contact with reality.
9. Are you willing to sign a bond of service?
The mention of a bond of service is very disconcerting to most of the potential employees. They think that they are selling themselves to an organization for a certain period of time. It is important to understand the company’s point of view. For certain jobs the company plans to invest large amounts in long training programmers, during which time the employee is learning is not productive. The company calculates that you will provide an adequate return if you stay with them for at least a certain number of years after training with them for at least a certain number of years after training, which is called the bond period was over. They fix this as the bond amount and will demand it from you if you leave them during the bond period.
Once you understand this, the idea of signing the bond will not be quite so formidable.You should weigh the value of the training and experience in the company against the fact that you will be tied to their job for the bond period. The concept of taking a written bond is gradually going out of practice. But, organizations do ask for a commitment for a reasonable period. The possibility of a prospective employee staying for a reasonable period is also a factor in the choice of a candidate.
10. What subject you liked most during your studies?
For fresh graduates this question is often asked during interview. This is mainly to identify your academic talents and also to put question on the topics in that subject to find out your depth of knowledge be prepared for such a think go that you give a good impression of yourself, if such an opportunity arises.
11. What are your salary expectations?
Though this is a very sensitive question, you must not feel bashful in stating your expectation as it is your right to do so .It is important that you prepare yourself rationally and logically to maintain and claim what you expect as compensation for your job. It would be better if you have required from friends or employees of the organizations regarding the salary structure and what one can reasonably expect. A 15 to 20 percent increase over your previous job is usually considered as rational. Most organizations mention the salary range in the job advertisement itself, but many mention that they are willing to negotiate depending n the candidate. While discussing about salary, you must not confine yourself only to the emoluments but also be clear about the other perks that you can expert from the company . You should evaluate both the present as well as long-term benefits of your job. Also you should be able to rationally justify your desired compensation.